Презентация «Narrative Tenses»

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Презентация «Narrative Tenses»

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Narrative Tenses Past Simple Past Continuous Past Perfect Past Perfect Continuous USED TO/WOULD COUL
Narrative Tenses Past Simple Past Continuous Past Perfect Past Perfect Continuous USED TO/WOULD COULD/WAS ABLE TO/SUCCEED IN/MANAGED TO PAST MODALS
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Past Simple An action in the past in the specific time (last month, 6 months ago and etc. ) For a si
Past Simple An action in the past in the specific time (last month, 6 months ago and etc. ) For a single repeated action in the past: I went to work by bus every day. Use when you tell about main …
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Past Continuous To describe the scene or a background to a story (use words: when, while) Ex. I was
Past Continuous To describe the scene or a background to a story (use words: when, while) Ex. I was having the shower when suddenly somebody knocked the door. activities or situations that were in …
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Past Perfect Simple Past actions that took place before the main past events in a story Ex. I arrive
Past Perfect Simple Past actions that took place before the main past events in a story Ex. I arrived at the office and I realized that I had left the stove turned on. Ex. He looked everywhere but he …
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Past Perfect Continuous Past actions in progress that took place before the main past events in a st
Past Perfect Continuous Past actions in progress that took place before the main past events in a story Ex. He didn’t hear the phone, because he had been reading. Ex. He was tired in the evening …
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Cris’s car crashed because he was driving too fast and he had drunk a lot of wine before the acciden
Cris’s car crashed because he was driving too fast and he had drunk a lot of wine before the accident.
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Used to + verb Habits and states that took place in the past but do not happen or exist now Use when
Used to + verb Habits and states that took place in the past but do not happen or exist now Use when time is not specified: when I was younger, in my childhood, many years ago… Ex. I used to have …
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STATES: USE ONLY WITH USED TO + verb
STATES: USE ONLY WITH USED TO + verb
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Examples: + I used to travel when I was younger. - I didn’t use to travel when I was younger. Did yo
Examples: + I used to travel when I was younger. - I didn’t use to travel when I was younger. Did you use to travel …?
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Would + verb Habits that took place in the past but do not happen now. (nostalgia) Ex. When I was yo
Would + verb Habits that took place in the past but do not happen now. (nostalgia) Ex. When I was young, I would sit in the park drinking a cup of coffee. DO NOT USE WOULD with a state! I used to …
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COULD or WAS/WERE ABLE TO the possibility of doing something in the past the ability or inability (n
COULD or WAS/WERE ABLE TO the possibility of doing something in the past the ability or inability (not succeeding in something) in the past Ex. I could swim when I was younger. (ability, NOT success) …
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USE ONLY! WAS/WERE ABLE TO to talk about success in achieving something at a specific time in the pa
USE ONLY! WAS/WERE ABLE TO to talk about success in achieving something at a specific time in the past. Ex. I was able to reach him by phone. I couldn’t reach him by phone. (NOT I could reach him) We …
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MANAGE TO/SUCCEED IN ability or success in achieving (or not achieving) something at a specific time
MANAGE TO/SUCCEED IN ability or success in achieving (or not achieving) something at a specific time in the past I managed to do everything which was planned. I succeeded in contacting him at once. I …
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MUST/HAVE TO MUST in the past -> HAD TO use when there is a necessity to do something at a specif
MUST/HAVE TO MUST in the past -> HAD TO use when there is a necessity to do something at a specific time in the past Ex. I had to leave the meeting earlier. Did you have to leave the meeting …
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could/may/might have + V3/ed use could have/may have/might have to talk about possible actions of im
could/may/might have + V3/ed use could have/may have/might have to talk about possible actions of imagined past events. If you hadn’t told me the direction, I could have been/might have been lost. …
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must have + V3/ed use must have + past participle to express a deduction/speculation about something
must have + V3/ed use must have + past participle to express a deduction/speculation about something in the past Ex. He didn’t answer to me. He must have been very busy.
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should have + V3/ed use should have/shouldn’t have to talk about regrets, or criticize past actions.
should have + V3/ed use should have/shouldn’t have to talk about regrets, or criticize past actions. I told you not do that. You should have listened to me. They shouldn’t have invested so much in …
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INVERSION WITH ADVERBIAL PHRASES No sooner. . . than Not only…, (but) also Not until… Such… that… So
INVERSION WITH ADVERBIAL PHRASES No sooner. . . than Not only…, (but) also Not until… Such… that… So + adjective… that Only when (+subject + verb), (inverted verb form) Only + clause Only by (+ing)… …
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Ex. No sooner had I arrived at the station than the train came. (=I arrived and then the train came
Ex. No sooner had I arrived at the station than the train came. (=I arrived and then the train came right after me) note! did I arrive also possible to use. Ex. No sooner had I arrived at the station …
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Ex. Only by working hard we can succeed. Ex. Only by working hard we can succeed. Ex. Hardly had I g
Ex. Only by working hard we can succeed. Ex. Only by working hard we can succeed. Ex. Hardly had I got into bed when the telephone rang. Ex. Never had she seen such a beautiful place before. Ex. …
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