Презентация - Биохимия легких

Смотреть слайды в полном размере
Презентация Биохимия легких


Вашему вниманию предлагается презентация на тему «Биохимия легких», с которой можно предварительно ознакомиться, просмотреть текст и слайды к ней, а так же, в случае, если она вам подходит - скачать файл для редактирования или печати.

Презентация содержит 35 слайдов и доступна для скачивания в формате ppt. Размер скачиваемого файла: 1.79 MB

Просмотреть и скачать

Pic.1
Биохимия легких Лекция № 36 Дмн, проф. А. И. Грицук
Биохимия легких Лекция № 36 Дмн, проф. А. И. Грицук
Pic.2
Введение Основные функции легких Продукция различных веществ (сурфактант, слизь, коллаген), Синтез Б
Введение Основные функции легких Продукция различных веществ (сурфактант, слизь, коллаген), Синтез БАВ - АФК, кинины, биогенные амины – серотонин, гистамин, катехоламины Инактивация БАВ Активация ангиотензина АОЗ (ферментативная и не ферментативная). Сурфактант, его продукция и контроль.
Pic.3
Основные функции легких Газообмен (поддержка и обеспечение аэробного энергетического обмена, детокси
Основные функции легких Газообмен (поддержка и обеспечение аэробного энергетического обмена, детоксикации, синтеза БАВ) Регуляция КОС Экскреторная – удаление СО2 и др. Ловушка мелких тромбов Инактивация и катаболизм БАВ Активация БАВ Детоксикация ксенобиотиков
Pic.4
No smoking!
No smoking!
Pic.5
No smoking!
No smoking!
Pic.6
Болезни легких Болезни легких обычно группируются по тому как влияют на функцию легких: Обструктивны
Болезни легких Болезни легких обычно группируются по тому как влияют на функцию легких: Обструктивные болезни легких (эмфизема, астма, хр. бронхит) Obstructive lung diseases, such as emphysema, asthma, and chronic bronchitis, cause the airways to become partly blocked or narrower, making it more difficult for air to move through them. Cigarette smoking and air pollution are major causes of these diseases. Restrictive lung diseases make it harder for the respiratory system to expand. They can cause a stiffening of the lung or chest wall or make the respiratory muscles unable to respond to nerve signals from the brain. Breathing substances such as asbestos, silica, and coal dust can cause some types of restrictive disease. Pulmonary vascular diseases affect the circulation of blood in the lungs. For example, in pulmonary hypertension, the small blood vessels of the lung become narrower, making it difficult for the right side of the heart to pump blood.
Pic.7
No smoking! Some diseases are difficult to categorize because they can harm the lungs in a number of
No smoking! Some diseases are difficult to categorize because they can harm the lungs in a number of ways. Some pollutants--particularly cigarette smoke--affect the cilia, causing the upward movement of mucus to slow or stop. Smoking cigarettes is also a major cause of lung cancer. Infectious lung diseases, such as tuberculosis and pneumonia, are caused by bacteria, viruses, or other organisms. These diseases are serious health concerns in all parts of the world.
Pic.8
Lung Emphysema Is a lung disease in which victims have difficulty breathing, especially when they ex
Lung Emphysema Is a lung disease in which victims have difficulty breathing, especially when they exhale. Emphysema is one of the two main forms of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD). The other is chronic bronchitis. Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases are characterized by progressive narrowing of the airways.
Pic.9
How Emphysema Affects Breathing Fresh air is carried through the airways to alveoli, contain a netwo
How Emphysema Affects Breathing Fresh air is carried through the airways to alveoli, contain a network of pulmonary capillaries. The gas exchange occurs. Emphysema destroys the walls of alveoli, including the pulmonary capillaries. The lung begins to lose elasticity and becomes overinflated as more air is inhaled and trapped in the air spaces. Thus, emphysema disrupts the flow of carbon dioxide from the body and deprives body tissues of needed oxygen.
Pic.10
Symptoms of Emphysema difficulty in breathing, especially during exhalation; shortness of breath; an
Symptoms of Emphysema difficulty in breathing, especially during exhalation; shortness of breath; an enlarged chest; bluish skin color resulting from a less than normal amount of oxygen in the blood. Emphysema victims often suffer from frequent colds and lung infections. Some also develop serious heart disease.
Pic.11
Causes and Treatment of Emphysema Causes: cigarette smoking; air pollution; environmental or occupat
Causes and Treatment of Emphysema Causes: cigarette smoking; air pollution; environmental or occupational hazards; repeated infections; genetic factors; 1-antitrypsine deficiency. Macrophagal proteases can destroy the alveolar walls in emphysema victims. 1-antitrypsine control these enzymes.
Pic.12
Smoking is Shameful!
Smoking is Shameful!
Pic.13
Smoking is Lucky Shot!
Smoking is Lucky Shot!
Pic.14
Stop Smoking!
Stop Smoking!
Pic.15
Smoking Kills!
Smoking Kills!
Pic.16
Smoking Kills!
Smoking Kills!
Pic.17
No smoking!
No smoking!
Pic.18
No smoking!
No smoking!
Pic.19
…to smoke or not to smoke?
…to smoke or not to smoke?
Pic.20
Smoking Causes Cancer!
Smoking Causes Cancer!
Pic.21
Smoking shortens your days!
Smoking shortens your days!
Pic.22
Smoking makes your look fool!
Smoking makes your look fool!
Pic.23
Smoking is dangerous!
Smoking is dangerous!
Pic.24
Smoking kills!
Smoking kills!
Pic.25
Smoking = Lung Cancer
Smoking = Lung Cancer
Pic.26
Smoking steels your days!
Smoking steels your days!
Pic.27
Smoking Kills!
Smoking Kills!
Pic.28
Респираторный дистресс синдром (болезнь гиалиновых мембран) …or respiratory distress syndrome, is a
Респираторный дистресс синдром (болезнь гиалиновых мембран) …or respiratory distress syndrome, is a lung condition that affects premature babies. underdevelopment of the lungs of these infants. The air sacs of the lungs collapse, causing rapid, difficult breathing and, in many cases, death by suffocation. Hyaline membrane disease ranks as a major cause of death among premature infants.
Pic.29
Респираторный дистресс синдром The term hyaline membrane refers to the clear, glassy membranes found
Респираторный дистресс синдром The term hyaline membrane refers to the clear, glassy membranes found in the lungs of babies that die of the disease. Many physicians believe these membranes are produced as a reaction to lung damage caused by the strain of breathing air in an immature lung.
Pic.30
Surfactant Underdeveloped lungs lack pulmonary surfactant: prevents the air sacs from collapsing. re
Surfactant Underdeveloped lungs lack pulmonary surfactant: prevents the air sacs from collapsing. respirators and high-humidity incubators: 4-5 days of therapy, then lungs produce pulmonary surfactant. Artificial surfactants can be given to infants soon after birth to prevent the disease.
Pic.31
Биохимия легких, слайд 31
Pic.32
Биохимия легких, слайд 32
Pic.33
Биохимия легких, слайд 33
Pic.34
Биохимия легких, слайд 34
Pic.35
Биохимия легких, слайд 35


Скачать презентацию

Если вам понравился сайт и размещенные на нем материалы, пожалуйста, не забывайте поделиться этой страничкой в социальных сетях и с друзьями! Спасибо!